косахонаи сар

косахонаи сар: skull

Косахонаи сар зиёда аз бист устухонро дар бар мегирад.
The skull consists of more than twenty bones.
Дар аксарияти хазандаҳо скелет ба қисмҳои косахонаи сар, мӯҳраҳо, пойҳои пешу қафо ва дум тақсим мешавад.
In the majority of reptiles the skeleton is divided into the sections of skull, vertebrae, front and back legs, and tail.

Bonus:
Other uses of косахона –
косахонаи чашм: eye socket
косахонаи сангпушт: tortoise shell

You can learn more body part words by reading about nature. The second sentence for today comes from an article about reptiles on an educational website – Хазандаҳо (Reptiles)

пой

пой: foot, leg

Дастҳо ва пойҳои худро ба онҳо нишон дод.
He showed them his hands and his feet.
Фил пойҳои ғафс, гушҳои калон, чашмони хурд, хартуми дароз, думи кӯтоҳи борик дорад.
An elephant has thick legs, large ears, small eyes, a long trunk and a short, thin tail.

Bonus:
Alternate spelling: по

По(й) means both leg and foot.

пойи луч: barefoot
сар то по: head to foot; beginning to end; completely

Tajik saying –
Аввал бубин ҷои худ, баъд бимон пои худ.
First see your place, then put your foot. Or, don’t get yourself into a situation that you shouldn’t be in.


гурда

гурда: kidney

Гурда узви начандон калон аст, ки ба лӯбиё шабоҳат дорад.
The kidney is an organ not so big that has the shape of a bean.
Гурда дар ду тарафи сутунмӯҳра баробари камар ҷой гирифта аст.
The kidneys are located on both sides of the spine at waist level.

Bonus:
санги гурда: kidney stone
You can read an article about kidney stones here – ibnisino: санги гурда

You can learn more body words at Memrise – Tajik Human Body

забон

забон: tongue

Муайян шудааст, ки асосан нӯги забон ширинӣ ҳис мекунад.
It has been determined that mainly the tip of the tongue senses sweetness.
Забонро аз гуфтори бад нигаҳ дор.
Keep the tongue from bad speech.

Bonus:
Забон also means language.

You can learn other body parts at Memrise (a free flashcard website): Tajik Human Body.

китф

китф: shoulder

Мӯи сараш то сари китф дароз буд.
Her hair was to the top of her shoulders in length.
Пеш аз сароидан китфҳоро боло набардошта, оромона нафас гиред.
Before singing breath softly without raising your shoulders.

Bonus:
Often this word is pronounced and even written as кифт. The two consonants are switched because it is easier to pronounce that way. Another example of this is қуфл (lock) which is more commonly prounounced as қулф.
To review body parts you can use Memrise, an online site for learning lists of words. Memrise: Tajik Human Body

устухон

устухон: bone

Дар бадани одам зиёда аз 220 устухон мавҷуд аст.
In the human body there are more than 220 bones.
Ҳеҷ як устухони Ӯ шикаста намешавад
Not one of his bones will be broken.

Bonus:
устухоншинос: osteologist
Names of some bones –
сутунмӯҳра: spine
қабурға: rib

чашм

чашм: eye

Мо ӯро бо чашмони худ дидаем.
We have seen him with our own eyes.
Шахси чашмонаш кабуд зудранҷ, вале зираку мушфиқ мешавад.
A person with blue eyes is easily offended, but wise and compassionate.

Bonus:
If you want to know what your eye colour says about your personality read this article from Tajikistan times.
When making a noun plural, generally the suffix ҳо is used for inanimate objects, and the suffix он is used for animals and people. There are a few exceptions. Some body parts can take the suffix он, for example чашмон (eyes) and китфон (shoulders). A few other inanimate objects can take the suffix он, for example ситорагон (stars) and дарахтон (trees).
Note that colloquially, ҳо is used for animals and people, as well as for inanimate objects.