нимкура

нимкура: hemisphere

Фасли тобистон дар Нимкураи Шимолӣ аз 21 июн то 21 сентябр, дар Нимкураи Ҷанубӣ аз 21 декабр то 20 март давом мекунад.
Summer in the northern hemisphere lasts from 21st of June to 21st of September, and in the southern hemisphere from 21st of December to 20th of March.

Bonus:
ним (half) + кура (sphere) = нимкура
This word can also be used to refer to the left and right half of the brain – нимкураи чап and нимкураи рост.

китобхона

китобхона: library

Ман бо Ситора ба китобхона рафтам.
I went with Sitora to the library.
Бунёди бинои нави Китобхонаи миллии Тоҷикистон соли 2007 оғоз ёфт.
The construction of the new National Library of Tajikistan began in 2007.

Bonus:
Китобхона is a compound word that is made up of two other nouns – китоб (book) and хона (house).
Here are a few other examples of compound words using хона – корхона: office (кор = work); касалхона: hospital (касал = sick); дарсхона: classroom (дарс = lesson).
If you can think of other compound words that use хона feel free to comment on this page.

дилсӯз

дилсӯз: compassionate

Ба якдигар меҳрубон ва дилсӯз бошед.
Be kind and compassionate to one another.
Худованд бисёр дилсӯз ва раҳмдил аст.
God is very compassionate and merciful.

Bonus:
Another translation for дилсӯз is tenderhearted.
It would take a couple of days to study all the wonderful adjectives beginning with дил (heart), but well worth the effort. Here are a few: дилкушод –
generous; диловар – brave; дилзинда – cheerful

рӯзнома

рӯзнома: newspaper

Мо рӯзнома мехонем.
We read newspapers.
Ман эълони шуморо аз рӯзнома хондам.
I read your announcement in the newspaper.

Bonus:
Many kinds of documents and printed materials are formed with a noun plus the suffix нома. Here are a few: созишнома – agreement; шиноснома – passport; таваллуднома – birth certificate.
There are more on this pdf: Expand Your Vocab – Suffixes

хушсифат

хушсифат: good quality

Шахтаи Фон – Яғноб 382 ҳазор тонна ангишти хушсифат истихроҷ намуд.
The Fon-Yagnob mine has extracted 382 thousand tons of high quality coal.
Аз чӯби коҷ коғази хушсифат истеҳсол мекунанд.
They produce high quality paper from pine wood.

Bonus:
хуш is a very common prefix. Reading through the words beginning with хуш in a dictionary would be a great way to increase your vocabulary. Here are a few – хушбаён: expressive, хушдил: cheerful, хушманзара: scenic, хушхабар: good news

тирукамон

тирукамон: rainbow

Дирўз баъди борон тирукамон баромад.
Yesterday after the rain a rainbow came out.
Тирукамони ҳафтранг пайдо шуд.
A seven-coloured rainbow appeared.

Bonus:
Sometimes two words or verb stems can be combined with у to form a new word.
тирукамон: rainbow – тир:arrow, камон:bow
рафтуомад: relationship – рафт: past tense stem of to go, омад: past tense stem of to come
нигоҳубин: care – нигоҳ: a look, бин – present tense stem of to see

тарафдор

тарафдор: supporter

Кӣ тарафдор ва кӣ мухолиф?
Who is a supporter and who is an adversary? (Who is for and who is against?)
Касе, ки тарафдори Ман нест, дар асл муқобили Ман аст.
The person who is not a follower of me is in fact against me.

Bonus:
тараф (side) + дор (from доштан: to have) = тарафдор (someone who is on the same side)
For more examples of words that use the suffix дор, see this pdf.

донишҷӯ

донишҷӯ: student

Ту донишҷӯӣ?
Are you a university student?
Дар факултаи мо панҷоҳ нафар донишҷӯ таҳсил мекунад.
Fifty students study in our department.


Bonus:
донишҷӯ = дон + иш + ҷӯ
дон – present tense stem of донистан: to know
дониш – adding the suffix иш makes a noun, дониш: knowledge
ҷӯ – present tense stem of ҷӯстан: to look for, to seek
донишҷӯ = knowledge seeker
Донишҷӯ is used for university students. A student in school would be талаба.