ғарбӣ: western

Дар ИМА, нерӯгоҳҳои барқи обӣ аксар дар қисмати ғарбии мамлакат инкишоф ёфтаанд.
In the USA, hydroelectric power plants were developed mostly in the western part of the country.
Баҳрнаварди португалӣ Васко да Гама соли 1497 соҳилҳои ғарбии Африқаро давр зада, ба уқёнуси Ҳинд ворид шуд.
In 1497, the Portuguese mariner, Vasco da Gama, circled the western shores of Africa and entered the Indian Ocean.

шимол: north
шарқ: east
ҷануб: south
ғарб: west

Add ӣ to make an adjective:
шимолӣ: northern
шарқӣ: eastern
ҷанубӣ: southern
ғарбӣ: western

The letter ӣ can’t be in the middle of a word, so when the letter и is added to ғарбӣ (as in both of the sample sentences) the ӣ is changed to и.

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